For vomiting children, the main risk is water loss, or dehydration, especially if fever causes them to sweat more or they are also losing fluid through diarrhea. When vomiting is severe or prolonged, a child may lose sodium, potassium, and chloride. These minerals have a crucial role in the transmission of nerve impulses and the contraction of muscles, and in regulating the body’s fluid balance.
Offer frequent sips of water or, if your child doesn’t feel like drinking, ice chips to suck on. Build up to 1 oz an hour, then 2 oz an hour until the child is able to drink normally.
Your pediatrician may recommend a commercial rehydration solution to help replace lost sodium and potassium in a young child. These come in liquid and Popsicle-like forms to make them more appealing to children. It also makes certain that the liquid is taken slowly. Older children may ask for commercial sports drinks, but these should be used with care. They replace salts, but they also contain large amounts of sugar, which can make diarrhea worse. A child who wants a change from plain water may enjoy sips of fruit juice diluted half-and-half with water or flat soda. If your child is too sick to drink or listless, or shows signs of progressive dehydration such as dry mouth, fewer tears, or urinates less frequently, seek urgent medical attention. Contact your pediatrician immediately.
This article specifically speaks on preventing dehydration when a child is sick and vomiting. It also specifies the potential danger to rehydrating them with sports drinks, something a lot of parents do. The large sugar consumption can harm the efforts by causing more diarrhea. This brings up the issue of what to prompt parents to use to rehydrate their children and when to administer them. It will not be as simple as “You’re child is dehydrated, give them water.” In a lot of dehydration studies, there are specified amounts of liquid recommended at certain intervals. These will be important notes to make for a possible app interface. There will need to be additional information and advice given for each specific situation.
Drinks to prevent dehydration in a vomiting child. HealthyChildren.org. (n.d.). Retrieved September 1, 2022, from https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/abdominal/Pages/Drinks-to-Prevent-Dehydration-in-a-Vomiting-Child.aspx